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NTNC started its conservation activities, mainly wildlife research and monitoring, in the Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (SWR) in 1999. Regular activities are being carried out since 2002. The main objective of the Suklaphanta Conservation Program (SCP) is to monitor and conduct research on the natural resources of the Reserve.

SWR has been identified as a potential site for the piloting the sanctuary approach to conserve the one horned rhinoceros. SCP also strives to enhance the capacity of the local people to safeguard endangered wildlife species, mainly the tigers and their habitats and prey base in and around the Reserve along with improving the livelihood of marginalized communities, mainly Janajati and Dalits in the Buffer Zone (BZ) area.

The major initiatives undertaken to fulfill project objectives by building capacity of the local communities through promotion of conservation awareness, wildlife-people conflict mitigation, community health services, improvement of local school facilities, rehabilitation program, micro-enterprise development schemes, women development activities, alternative energy schemes, community forestry and promotion of ecotourism.


  • To safeguard endangered wildlife species and their habitats in and around Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve; and
  • To improve the livelihood of marginalized communities around the Reserve.